Sexual Dysfunction/Pain

What is sexual dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem occurring during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle traditionally includes excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Desire and arousal are both part of the excitement phase of the sexual response.

What are the types of sexual dysfunction?

  • Desire disorders —lack of sexual desire or interest in sex
  • Arousal disorders —inability to become physically aroused or excited during sexual activity
  • Orgasm disorders —delay or absence of orgasm (climax)
  • Pain disorders — pain during or after intercourse

In men:

  • Inability to achieve or maintain an erection suitable for intercourse (erectile dysfunction)
  • Absent or delayed ejaculation despite adequate sexual stimulation (retarded ejaculation)
  • Inability to control the timing of ejaculation (early or premature ejaculation)

In women:

  • Inability to achieve orgasm
  • Inability to relax the vaginal muscles enough to allow intercourse

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